Xylitol is a refined sweetener in the form of white crystals or crystalline powder. It is categorized as a sugar alcohol (or polyalcohol). It can be extracted from trees such as birch (hence the name "birch sugar"), but can also be extracted from other plants. It is similarly sweet to sugar, but contains 40% fewer calories.

Xylitol contains no fructose and has little effect on blood sugar and insulin levels. The glycemic index is 7 (normal sugar 60-70). Thus, xylitol is a welcome alternative for diabetics.

Xylitol is particularly common in sugar-free chewing gums, candies and oral care products. It is also used in other sweets and foods for diabetics. Especially in recent years, it is increasingly used as a regular sugar substitute in households. Unlike other sweeteners (except sugar), xylitol is not only harmless to teeth but even reduces tooth decay.

Xylitol is also available in organic quality.

E-number: E967xylitol

CAS No.: 87-99-0

Molecular formula: C5H12O5

Molecular weight: 152.15

Xylitol properties

  • Xylitol has no aldehyde and ketone groups, so there is no enzymatic browning reaction when heated.
  • Xylitol can promote bifido and other beneficial bacteria, thus improving gastrointestinal function.
  • Xylitol is not fermented by yeast and is a poor medium for microbes.
  • Xylitol gives a cool sensation when it dissolves in the mouth and can absorb more moisture than sugar.