Xylitol is a refined sweetener, looks white crystal or crystalline powder. It is categorized as a sugar alcohol (or polyalcohol). It can be processed from trees like birch, but it is also possible to use other plants.
Xylitol has a similar sweetness as sugar, but contains 40% fewer calories. So it can be considered a weight loss friendly sweetener.
Xylitol contains zero fructose and has negligible effects on blood sugar and insulin. Therefore, none of the harmful effects of sugar apply to Xylitol. The glycemic index ( a measure of how quickly foods raise blood sugar) is only 7, compared to regular sugar, which has a glycemic index of 60-70.
Xylitol is a common ingredient in sugar free chewing gums, candies, mints, diabetes friendly foods and oral care products. Unlike other sweeteners Xylitol cannot only be used to avoid unhealthy effects to human teeth made by sugar, in fact it reduces caries.
Xylitol is also available in organic.
CAS No.: 87-99-0
Molecular formula: C5H12O5
Molecular weight: 152.15
Characteristics of Xylitol
- Xylitol has no Aldehyde and Ketone groups, so there is no enzymatic browning reaction through heating.
- Xylitol can promote multiplication of Bifidobacterium and beneficial bacteria to improve gastrointestinal function.
- Xylitol is not fermented by yeast, is a poor medium for microbe.
- Xylitol gives a cool feeling when dissolved in the mouth and can absorb more moisture than sugar.